Ultrasound is used primarily to evaluate soft tissue structures. The most common ultrasound examination that we perform is an abdominal ultrasound, where we evaluate all of the organs within the abdomen (from the liver to the urinary bladder).
Other examinations that we commonly perform include:
The ultrasound beam cannot pass through air and so cannot be used to evaluate normal lungs. However, ultrasound can be used to evaluate for lung tumors or to evaluate for lesions within the pleural space or the mediastinum. Ultrasound can also be used to evaluate the heart.
We routinely evaluate the thyroid and parathyroid glands, the salivary glands, and the lymph nodes.
Although any soft tissue structure can be evaluated (including tendons, ligaments, muscle, and masses), the most common application is the shoulder for bicipital tendonitis.
We are also able to perform ultrasound-guided aspirates and biopsies of lesions in order to obtain a definitive diagnosis.