A urinalysis is a test to examine the character of your pet’s urine. Urinalysis is recommended as part of your pet’s medical work-up as it reveals critical information about your pet’s state of health. A urinalysis is necessary to determine if your pet’s kidneys are functioning adequately, as well as how well your pet may be able to tolerate anesthesia or medications. A urinalysis is always recommended if a bladder or kidney infection is suspected, or if your pet is diabetic.
A urinalysis may be done on a sample of urine voided from your pet’s bladder, or a sample of urine may be obtained with a small needle inserted into the abdomen, often with ultrasound guidance (cystocentesis).